Each type of hair has different characteristics and problems, requiring further treatment. Washing your hair correctly is fundamental to the hair and scalp’s health, and the type of shampoo influences it a lot. Not only each hair type but also each scalp has its particular needs. Also, many factors are essential: age, ethnicity, sex, lifestyle, and the frequency with which the hair is washed. It is necessary to know if the hair is chemically treated and if it is, what treatments it receives. Other important factors are if the hair is straight, curly, or coily if you have scalp problems like dandruff, excessive oiliness, and hair loss.
Even using a shampoo that is very different from what your hair type needs can cause problems. Shampoo formulations have specific pHs to promote adequate treatment. For example, shampoo for oily hair by a person with dry hair will make the hair even more dehydrated, brittle, and difficult to comb. Check out this post to understand how to choose the right shampoo for your hair type.
Greasy hair is very common among women and requires shampoos with more neutral pH, close to 7. You can find this type of information on the packaging. This pH level ensures that the excess of fatty acids produced by the scalp (which gives the oily aspect and without volume) is neutralized, and greater volume and cleanliness are achieved.
Another point for those who have this type of hair is to see if it does not remove too much oil, causing a rebound effect. When we completely remove the oil from the scalp, our organism defends itself by producing sebum in greater quantity.
As oily hair ends up being washed many times, it is worth investing in nourishing shampoos. Choose those that contain amino acids and proteins to protect the hair.
Dry hair is more porous, losing its nutrients more easily. So they need to be hydrated and nourished. Give preference to shampoos with vitamin E and vegetable oils in their composition, such as argan oil, avocado oil, or shea butter. Products with silicone seem to help, but it is not as deep an action as these amino acids. Silicone is a compound that only stays on the hair while the oils enter deeper layers.
To combat porosity, you need shampoos with the right pH too. In this case, it should be the most acidic, meaning, less than 7. This pH helps to keep the hair cuticles together and leaves hair with greater softness and shine. Aso, it will make your hair easier to comb.
Mixed hair is hair in which the scalp’s oiliness does not spread to the length of the hair. This is very common in curly and wavy hair, whose irregular structure prevents this process. But it can also occur in hair that has gone through chemical processes.
In these cases, the shampoo needs to have a special performance: It must clean the scalp deeply without drying out the hair. For this, lighter oils are used among the ingredients, such as passion fruit oil.
Coily and Afro hair
As much as Afro hair looks healthy, they are the weakest types, so ask for special shampoos. These hair types require very soft and gentle o the hair products. They must contain large amounts of silicones and vegetable butter that will protect the strands and facilitate the comb and brush slide preventing the strands from breaking.
Coily and Afro hair has a more oily root, and drier ends. This is because oiliness has more difficulty distributing itself along the entire length of the hair, precisely because it is irregular. For this reason, it is recommended that the formulations contain ceramides, keratin, and other moisturizing components, but in a small concentration. Otherwise, the hair will look heavy.
Acid shampoos are more suitable, so check the label if the pH is less than 7. The conditioner is also essential, as it neutralizes the effects of the shampoo. It will minimize the electrostatic charges left by the cleaning agent present in the shampoo, so be sure to use it.
Curly hair suffers from problems similar to afro hair. First of all, they are also drier on the ends and accumulate oil on the root, since the sebum cannot distribute evenly along with the hair. However, the problem is a little milder in this hair type. Therefore, you can choose to mix a shampoo suitable to the type of root (if it is oily) with a shampoo for dry or afro hair. While the first formulation will help treat the scalp, the second will promote shine, softness, and hair restoration.
There are no specific shampoos for straight hair, so those who have this type of hair must take others into consideration other characteristics. Observe if it is oily, thin, or dry and look for a suitable shampoo.
However, in general, people with straight hair look for more volume. If this is the case, shampoo for oily hair will give more volume, leaving the root and hair a little drier. But this trick is not valid for those with dry hair! Shampoos that contain keratin in their composition are also great for this purpose.
Hair with chemistry
Hair that has been dyed or has undergone straightening processes also deserves special attention when choosing the shampoo. Shampoos must be formulated with ceramides and keratin to strengthen the hair and panthenol to reduce the impact of the straightening chemistry on the scalp skin’s delicate health.
Nutrition is also essential in these cases. It is good to add vitamins, such as B5 and Biocalcium, to help hydrate and recover the hair that has been ‘attacked’ by the chemical process. It is also important to use shampoos with a more acidic pH (below 7), as they allow the hair cuticle to be sealed, keeping the treatment for longer.
When the hair undergoes hair discoloration or hair coloring, it is necessary to choose the shampoo very well. To maintain the color, you cannot use abrasive shampoos, because the color will fade quickly. These types of shampoos make the hair greasier. They also make the hair dry, damaging the hair. More acidic pHs are also more suitable.
Also, the chosen color requires special care. Anyone who has red hair should never use green shampoos, which neutralizes red and can discolor dyeing. On the other hand, blond hair requires products without dyes to avoid depositing these substances on the hair.
Hair with natural color
If you have red, brown, or natural black hair, you don’t have to worry about specific shampoos for your color. But blond hair needs more care. This type of hair is very light. It tends to accumulate more pollution residues, cigarettes, shampoo, and conditioner dyes and lose their natural light color.
In such cases, specific shampoos are required. Corn silk extract, for example, is a specific substance for removing dark residues and dyes from the strands.